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The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871



Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke, Jeffrey Gale Williamson (eds.)
Oxford University Press, 2017
Τύπος: Νέες Εκδόσεις

Ever since the Industrial Revolution of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, industrialization has been the key to modern economic growth. The fact that modern industry originated in Britain, and spread initially to north-western Europe and North America, implied a dramatic divergence in living standards between the industrial North (or 'West') and a non-industrial, or even de-industrializing, South (or 'Rest'). This nineteenth-century divergence, which had profound economic, military, and geopolitical implications, has been studied in great detail by many economists and historians. 

Today, this divergence between the 'West' and the 'Rest' is visibly unravelling, as economies in Asia, Latin America and even sub-Saharan Africa converge on the rich economies of Europe and North America. This phenomenon, which is set to define the twenty-first century, both economically and politically, has also been the subject of a considerable amount of research. Less appreciated, however, are the deep historical roots of this convergence process, and in particular of the spread of modern industry to the global periphery. This volume fills this gap by providing a systematic, comparative, historical account of the spread of modern manufacturing beyond its traditional heartland, to Southern and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, or what we call the poor periphery. It identifies the timing of this convergence, finding that this was fastest in the interwar and post-World War II years, not the more recent 'miracle growth' years. It also identifies which driving forces were common to all periphery countries, and which were not.

Contents

1: Introduction, Kevin O'Rourke and Jeffrey Williamson
2: Measuring the Spread of Modern Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery, Agustín Bénétrix, Kevin O'Rourke, and Jeffrey Williamson
Europe and the Middle East
3: State and Market in Russian Industrialization, Steven Nafziger and Andrei Markevich
4: East and Central Europe, Alex Klein, Max Schulze, and Tamás Vonyó
5: Industrialization and De-Industrialization in Southeast Europe, Michael Kopsidis and Martin Ivanov
6: The Industrialization of Italy 1861-1971, Matteo Gomellini and Gianni Toniolo
7: Industrialization in Egypt and Turkey, 1870-2010, Ulas Karakoç, Laura Panza, and Sevket Pamuk
Asia
8: East Asian Industrial Pioneers: Japan, Korea and Taiwan, Dwight Perkins and John Tang
9: Industrialization in China, Loren Brandt, Debin Ma, and Thomas Rawski
10: From Artisanal Production to Machine Tools: Industrialization in India over the Long Run, Bishnupriya Gupta and Tirthankar Roy
11: From Commodity Booms to Economic Miracles: Why Southeast Asian Industry Lagged Behind, Jean-Pascal Bassino and Jeffrey Williamson
Latin America
12: Industrial Growth in Mexico and Peru over the Long Run, Aurora Gómez Galvarriato and Graciela Márquez Colín
13: The Industrialization of South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia, 1890-2010, Gerardo della Paolera, Xavier Duran, and Aldo Musacchio
Sub-Saharan Africa
14: Patterns of Manufacturing Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonization to the Present:, Gareth Austin, Ewout Frankema, and Morten Jerven



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