Javascript must be enabled to continue!

Capitalism in the Ottoman Balkans. Industrialisation and Modernity in Macedonia

Costas Lapavitsas, Pinar Cakiroglu
I.B. Tauris, 2019 [ISBN: 9781788314336, 312 p.]
Type: New Publications



The Ottoman Empire went through rapid economic and social development in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as it approached its end. Profound changes took place in its European territories, particularly and prominently in Macedonia. In the decades before the First World War, industrial capitalism began to emerge in Ottoman Macedonia and its impact was felt across society.

The port city of Salonica was at the epicentre of this transformation, led by its Jewish community. But the most remarkable site of development was found deep in provincial Macedonia, where industrial capitalism sprang from domestic sources in spite of unfavourable conditions. Ottoman Greek traders and industrialists from the region of Mount Vermion helped shape the economic trajectory of 'Turkey in Europe', and competed successfully against Jewish capitalists from Salonica.

The story of Ottoman Macedonian capitalism was nearly forgotten in the century that followed the demise of the Empire. This book pieces it together by unearthing Ottoman archival materials combined with Greek sources and field research. It offers a fresh perspective on late Ottoman economic history and will be an invaluable resource for scholars of Ottoman, Greek and Turkish history.

Table of contents

Ch. 1 The emergence of industrial capitalism in Ottoman Macedonia

Ch. 2 Analysing Ottoman capitalism: Theoretical and empirical resources

Ch. 3 Administrative mechanisms and population changes in the vilayet of Thessaloniki

Ch. 4 The straightjacket of çiftlik agriculture in Macedonia

Ch. 5 The commercial roots of Ottoman textile capitalism

Ch 6. Private industrial capitalism in Ottoman Macedonia

Ch. 7 The Ottoman state creates a framework for industrialisation

Ch. 8 Ascendant industrialists, emerging working class, turbulent communities

Ch. 9 Precarious capitalism